How is NSC calculated in horse feed?
The equation to calculate NSC on an as-fed basis is: NSC (%) = 100 – moisture (%) – crude protein (%) – crude fat (%) – neutral detergent fiber (NDF) – ash (%). This calculation will measure all forms of sugar in the feed including simple sugars and polysaccharides such as starch.
How much starch should a horse eat?
Limit grain meals to 0.5-0.6% of body weight in starch or 150-200 grams per 100 kilograms of body weight per meal. That would be close to 5 to 6 pounds of feed per meal for a typical 1,100-pound horse on a grain mix considered to be “high NSC” (>30% NSC).
What is starch in horse feed?
Starch is a highly digestible energy form and can provide horses with energy they need for exercise, growth, metabolism, and other life functions. However, when fed improperly, this nonstructural carbohydrate can be detrimental to your horse’s health.
What is a good feed to put weight on a horse?
Feed lucerne hay. Lucerne (known as alfalfa in North America) is a high energy forage and makes a valuable contribution to raising a horse’s calorie intake above their daily requirement to encourage weight gain. Lucerne will also provide your horse with good quality protein which will facilitate muscle development.
What is the best horse feed brand?
3 Best Horse Feed Brands
- Triple Crown. Triple Crown Offers nine different types of grain and seven different kinds of forage. …
- Nutrena Horse Feed. Nutrena offers thirty-three different types of grain, organized into seven product lines for different categories of horses. …
- Tribute Horse Feed.
What is low NSC horse feed?
NSC stands for ‘non-structural carbohydrates’ and is typically the combination of starch and sugar. Horses with metabolic concerns, such as Cushing’s disease, laminitis or Polysaccharide Storage Myopathy (PSSM) require reduced levels of NSC to support their activity levels.
What is the best grain to feed a horse?
What is a low starch diet for horses?
When looking at the ingredients, a low-starch feed will contain a low percentage of cereal grain, and when present may be near the end of the major ingredients in the list (but still before the minerals and vitamins). Fiber ingredients that may be at the top of the list could be soyhulls, beet pulp, and alfalfa meal.
How much grain does a horse need a day?
DON’T feed more than 11 pounds of grain per day, or 4-5 pounds of grain per feeding, or the horse’s colic risk increases sixfold. DON’T worry about too much protein making a horse hot. Only 10% of the horse’s energy comes from protein, so it is a very insignificant source.
How much starch is in oats for horses?
Oats are the traditional cereal grain for horses and are the best choice for several reasons. Oats are very palatable and are the best nutrient-balanced grain, containing about 53% starch, 12% protein, 5% fat and 12% fiber.
Is Sugar OK for horses?
Feeding a healthy horse three or four sugar cubes is unlikely to cause a significant glucose spike; however, for a horse with uncontrolled IR, PSSM, or a laminitis history, feeding sugar cubes isn’t a risk worth taking. Skip the sugary treats, too, if your horse is overweight, especially if he has a cresty neck.
How much carbohydrates does a horse need?
Amy Gill, PhD, a private equine nutritionist based in Lexington, Ky., recommends that for sensitive horses, hay total starch and sugar should be below 10% and the total diet below 15%.
What oil is best for horses?
For boosting calories and keeping omega balance in check, canola or soybean oil would be a far better choice than corn oil,” explained Whitehouse. Fish oil has superior fatty acid content, with an omega-3 to omega-6 ratio of 6:1, but it is generally not fed to increase energy consumption.
Does beet pulp help horses gain weight?
Beet pulp can be used to help underweight horses gain weight, as it provides approximately 1,000 kcals per pound (one quart of dry beet pulp shreds weighs approximately 0.5-0.6 pounds).