FAQ: What is fetal alcohol syndrome?

What are the characteristics of a child with fetal alcohol syndrome?

People with FAS have central nervous system (CNS) problems, minor facial features, and growth problems. People with FAS can have problems with learning, memory, attention span, communication, vision, or hearing. They might have a mix of these problems.

What are the effects of fetal alcohol syndrome?

The effects of FAS include mental retardation, malformations of the skeletal system and major organ systems (specifically the heart and brain), inhibited growth, central nervous system complications, poor motor skills, mortality, and difficulty with learning, memory, social interaction, attention span, problem solving,

Can one drink cause fetal alcohol syndrome?

don’t realize that drinking one or two drinks can interfere with fetal development. One research study has shown that after 1-2 glasses of wine, fetal breathing is almost completely suppressed, which can be a sign of fetal distress. Figure 5.13 Even 1 or 2 drinks of alcohol can cause damage to the fetal brain.

What is the life expectancy of a child with fetal alcohol syndrome?

Results: The life expectancy at birth of people with FAS was 34 years (95% confidence interval: 31 to 37 years), which was about 42% of that of the general population.

Can a child outgrow fetal alcohol syndrome?

Children do not outgrow FAS. The physical and behavioral problems can last a lifetime. The syndrome is found in all racial and socio-economic groups. It is not a genetic disorder, so women with FAS or affected by FAS have healthy babies if they do not drink alcohol during their pregnancy.

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At what age can Fetal alcohol syndrome be diagnosed?

In the most severely affected children, FAS can be diagnosed at birth, however, the characteristic physical features are most pronounced between eight months and eight years of age.

Can an alcoholic have a healthy baby?

There’s a general consensus that it’s risky to binge drink during pregnancy, defined as consuming five or more drinks in one sitting. But even heavy drinkers can have healthy babies. Only about 5 percent of alcoholic women give birth to babies who are later diagnosed with the syndrome.

How do they test for fetal alcohol syndrome?

To diagnose fetal alcohol syndrome, doctors look for unusual facial features, lower-than-average height and weight, small head size, problems with attention and hyperactivity, and poor coordination. They also try to find out whether the mother drank while they were pregnant and if so, how much.

Do all alcoholics have babies with FAS?

There is no evidence that FAS occurs in babies born to women who drink occasionally or moderately during pregnancy. Indeed, even among women who drink heavily throughout pregnancy, only 4-5 percent of their babies will be born with FAS (Gray and Henderson, 2006).

How much alcohol can affect a fetus?

How much alcohol is safe? Although the risk is higher with heavy alcohol use, any amount of alcohol may affect your developing baby. Heavy drinking (5 or more drinks on at least one occasion) during pregnancy can severely affect a developing baby. You can prevent FASD by not drinking at all while you are pregnant.

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What are 3 characteristics of a baby prenatally exposed to alcohol?

Distinctive facial features, including small eyes, an exceptionally thin upper lip, a short, upturned nose, and a smooth skin surface between the nose and upper lip. Deformities of joints, limbs and fingers. Slow physical growth before and after birth.

Can I have a glass of wine in third trimester?

No Safe Time ‘ But there can absolutely be damage to the baby in the third trimester. A baby’s brain is very susceptible to alcohol at all points in the pregnancy. In the last trimester the areas that help with the vestibular system and other sensitive parts of the brain are developing, and can definitely be affected.

What can be done for a child with fetal alcohol syndrome?

Following are some examples of medications used to treat FASD symptoms: Stimulants. This type of medication is used to treat symptoms such as hyperactivity, problems paying attention, and poor impulse control, as well as other behavior issues. Antidepressants. Neuroleptics. Anti-anxiety drugs.

How do you help a child with fetal alcohol syndrome?

Here are some strategies to help: Use as few words as possible. Always clearly state what you want to happen—the desired behavior. Don’t argue, debate, or negotiate. Being direct is good, but don’t become too authoritarian, or doors will close quickly. Don’t expect the person to be reasonable or to act their age.

How do you discipline a child with fetal alcohol syndrome?

10 Strategies That Work For Kids With FASD CREATE AND FOLLOW A SCHEDULE. THINK LONG AND HARD ABOUT MAKING AN EXCEPTION. ALLOW TIME FOR TRANSITIONS. MANAGE EXPOSURE TO OTHER PEOPLE AND NEW ENVIRONMENTS. MINIMIZE DISTRACTIONS. CONTROL EXPOSURE TO MEDIA. PROVIDE CLOSE AND CONSTANT SUPERVISION. AVOID ASKING WHY.

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