Quick Answer: What is hantavirus?

What are the first signs of hantavirus?

Early symptoms include fatigue, fever and muscle aches, especially in the large muscle groups—thighs, hips, back, and sometimes shoulders. These symptoms are universal. There may also be headaches, dizziness, chills, and abdominal problems, such as nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal pain.

How bad is the hantavirus?

Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome (HPS) is a severe, sometimes fatal, respiratory disease in humans caused by infection with hantaviruses. Anyone who comes into contact with rodents that carry hantaviruses is at risk of HPS. Rodent infestation in and around the home remains the primary risk for hantavirus exposure.

How does a person get hantavirus?

People get HPS when they breath in hantaviruses. This can happen when rodent urine and droppings that contain a hantavirus are stirred up into the air. People can also become infected when they touch mouse or rat urine, droppings, or nesting materials that contain the virus and then touch their eyes, nose, or mouth.

What kills the hantavirus?

The virus, which is able to survive in the environment for a few hours or days (for example, in dirt and dust in the shade or in rodent nests) can be killed by most household disinfectants, such as bleach, detergents, or alcohol. Exposure to the sun’s UV rays can also kill the virus.

What states have hantavirus?

As of January 2017, 728 cases of hantavirus disease have been reported since surveillance in the United States began in 1993. These are all laboratory-confirmed cases and include hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS) and non-pulmonary hantavirus infection.

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State Cases
AZ 78
CA 61
CO 104
CT 1

Is there a test for hantavirus?

CDC uses an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) to detect IgM antibodies to SNV and to diagnose acute infections with other hantaviruses. This assay is also available in some state health laboratories. An IgG test is used in conjunction with the IgM-capture test.

Does dish soap kill hantavirus?

The dish soap will destroy the virus. Afterwards, remove the gloves, let them dry, and wash your hands with soap and water. What symptoms are unique for hantavirus?

How is hantavirus prevented?

Can hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS) be prevented? Stay away from places where rodents leave droppings. Wear rubber gloves and a mask that covers your nose and face during exposure to mouse droppings. Use disinfectant to sanitize areas containing mouse droppings so infected dust does not spread in the air.

Where is hantavirus most common?

Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome is most common in rural areas of the western United States during the spring and summer months. Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome also occurs in South America and Canada. Other hantaviruses occur in Asia, where they cause kidney disorders rather than lung problems.

How long does the hantavirus live?

Hantaviruses have been shown to be viable in the environment for 2 to 3 days at normal room temperature. The ultraviolet rays in sunlight kill hantaviruses. PREVENTION Rodent control in and around the home remains the primary strategy for preventing hantavirus infection.

Does Lysol kill hantavirus?

Clean Out Use only wet cleaning methods to avoid creating dust. If you need to clean rodent nests or droppings, spray them with a disinfectant such as chlorine bleach, a phenol-type spray such as Lysol, or other chemicals labeled to kill viruses to disinfect the area and material.

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Is the hantavirus rare?

Cohen: Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome is rare — the chance of getting the disease is 1 in 13,000,000, which is less likely than being struck by lightning.

Why is hantavirus so rare?

And even though 15-20 percent of deer mice are infected with hantavirus, Cobb explains, it’s a rare disease for humans to contract, mostly because the virus dies shortly after contact with sunlight, and it can’t spread from one person to another.

Does boiling water kill hantavirus?

Boiling: 5 minutes should be sufficient. This is the easiest and most effective method as it kills all known pathogens.

What to do if I vacuumed mouse droppings?

Wear rubber, latex, or vinyl gloves when cleaning urine and droppings. Spray the urine and droppings with a disinfectant or a mixture of bleach and water and let soak 5 minutes. The recommended concentration of bleach solution is 1 part bleach to 10 parts water.

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