What is the masticatory functional hypothesis?
Masticatory – functional hypothesis. The hypothesis that craniofacial shape change during the Holocene was related to the consumption of softer foods. Neolithic. The late Pleistocene/early Holocene culture, during which humans domesticated plants and animals.
What do bone comparisons between hunter gatherers and later agriculturalists followed by modern peoples show group answer choices?
Bone comparisons between hunter – gatherers and later agriculturalists, then modern peoples show: greater robusticity of the long arm bones only.
What happened as towns and cities began to compete for increasingly limited resources?
As towns and cities began to compete for increasingly limited resources: organized warfare developed.
What are cavities in the teeth also called anthropology?
Caries, also know as cavities, can occur when acids wear down the enamel of the tooth.
What is a symptom of anemia in which spongy bone invades the eye sockets?
A symptom of anemia where spongy bone invades the eye sockets is called: cribra orbitalia. Bone comparisons from hunter-gatherers to later agriculturalists to modern peoples show: a decline in size.
What did New World domesticated products include?
Various grains and pseudograins were domesticated in the New World, including maize (Zea mays), amaranth (Amaranthus spp.), wild rice (Zizania palustris L.), and quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa). Maize has become the most important world grain, sur- passing wheat, rice, sorghum, and millets.
What was the result of the Neolithic Demographic Transition quizlet?
The Neolithic demographic transition resulted in: A shift from low birthrate to high birthrate.
Why did infectious disease become more common with the agricultural revolution?
Agriculture (and associated population increase) resulted in population sedentism and crowding. Accumulation of waste and increased transmission of microbes owing to crowding provided the conditions conducive to the spread and maintenance of infectious disease.
What was a major cause of the adaptive success characterized by population explosion quizlet?
The core of the adaptive success characterized by population explosion was the result of: an increased food supply. Two-thirds of calorie intake comes from the key cereal grains domesticated in the earlier Holocene, especially: wheat, barley, corn, and rice.
What is one of the most significant items of scientific evidence for global climate change?
According to Larson, one of the most significant items of scientific evidence for global climate change is: the 85% reduction in the size of ice fields atop Mount Kilimanjaro, in Tanzania. Human activities that have contributed to greenhouse gases include: burning of fossil fuels.
What are cavities in the teeth also called quizlet?
Dental caries (Latin,”rot”), also known as tooth decay or a cavity, is an infection, bacterial in origin, that causes demineralization and destruction of the hard tissues of the teeth (enamel, dentin and cementum).
What are the most distinctive features of cold adaptation in Neandertals?
12.16 Most distinctive traits about the cold adaptation complex of Neandertals are: the body and length of the arms and legs.
Do humans have Heterodont teeth?
We have eight incisors, four canines, eight premolars, and twelve molars. There is a special word for teeth that come in different sizes and shapes. That word is heterodont. Heterodont means “differently shaped teeth.” Most mammals, like humans, have heterodont teeth.
Why are Europeans teeth messed?
The reasons for the regional differences include socioeconomic status, access to a dentist and whether there is fluoride in the water. Last year, a study found that the richest 20% of adults over 65 years old in Britain had on average eight fewer teeth than the poorest 20%.
What do your canines do?
Canines – Your canines are the next teeth that develop in your mouth. You have four of them and they are your sharpest teeth, used for tearing apart food. Premolars – Premolars are used for tearing and crushing food. Unlike your incisors and canines, premolars have a flat biting surface.