What are the 8 rules for commas?
Commas (Eight Basic Uses) Use a comma to separate independent clauses. Use a comma after an introductory clause or phrase. Use a comma between all items in a series. Use commas to set off nonrestrictive clauses. Use a comma to set off appositives. Use a comma to indicate direct address. Use commas to set off direct quotations.
Do you add a comma before including?
Use a comma before “ including ” and “such as” when followed by a nonrestrictive, nonessential phrase or clause. The new policy applies to everyone, including faculty. Do not use a comma when using a phrase like “as well as,” in which the clause is essential and restrictive.
How do you use commas in a list?
When making a list, commas are the most common way to separate one list item from the next. The final two items in the list are usually separated by “and” or “or”, which should be preceeded by a comma. Amongst editors this final comma in a list is known as the “Oxford Comma “.
Do you use a comma when listing 3 things?
Use commas to separate three or more items in a series. Lists of three or more words, phrases, and clauses require commas between each item. For example: a. The fox shouts, cackles, and yells.
Where do I place a comma?
Comma Use Use commas to separate independent clauses when they are joined by any of these seven coordinating conjunctions: and, but, for, or, nor, so, yet. Use commas after introductory a) clauses, b) phrases, or c) words that come before the main clause.
How many commas is too many?
If you feel you have too many commas, you do. Like, no one can say you should have twenty- seven commas per page or anything like that. The first question would be, Do you have commas in inappropriate places? If you have sentences like, “Bob walked, to, the store, slowly” then yes, there are too many commas.
How do you use for example in a sentence?
You use for example to introduce and emphasize something which shows that something is true. Take, for example, the simple sentence: ‘The man climbed up the hill’. A few simple precautions can be taken, for example ensuring that desks are the right height.
How do you use include in a list?
“I met so many interesting people, including a writer, a photographer, and an aviator.” Words like “ including ” or “such as” are often used to introduce examples that further explain something mentioned in the sentence. They suggest that you are going to list just a few of the relevant items.
What are nonrestrictive clauses?
A nonrestrictive clause adds additional information to a sentence. It is usually a proper noun or a common noun that refers to a unique person, thing, or event. It uses commas to show that the information is additional. The commas almost act like parentheses within the sentence.
Can you put a comma after and?
The word and is a conjunction, and when a conjunction joins two independent clauses, you should use a comma with it.
What is a list with commas called?
This is called an enumerated list within a sentence according to this style guide. As a matter of punctuation style, you can use either commas or semicolons to delimit the list, the latter of which is often used when the list elements themselves contain commas.
When listing adjectives do you use a comma?
A comma should be used to separate two or more co-ordinate adjectives that describe the same noun. Or to put it more simply, if you’re using two similar words to describe a thing, person, place, animal or idea you should use a comma to separate them.
How do you list a series of questions?
A: Yes, a series of questions in the middle of a sentence, surrounded by dashes or parentheses, is punctuated in just that way. Each question begins with a lowercase letter and ends with a question mark, according to language guides.
What does comma splice mean?
A comma splice occurs when you use a comma to join two complete sentences without placing an appropriate joining word between them. The comma just isn’t strong enough to do the job of making one grammatical sentence out of two. Learn to recognize what comma splices look like, and be sure to avoid them in your essays.
What are the 3 comma rules?
COMMA RULE # 3 – THE COMMA IN A COMPOUND SENTENCE: Use a comma before and, but, or, nor, for, so, or yet to join two independent clauses that form a compound sentence. What is a compound sentence?