What is the smallest conducting respiratory passageways?
|smallest conducting respiratory passageways||Bronchioles|
|Separates the oral and nasal cavities||Palate|
|Major nerve, stimulating the diaphragm||phrenic nerve|
|food passageway posterior to the trachea||Esophagus|
What are the smallest conducting passageways of the lungs quizlet?
Terms in this set (37) Bronchioles. smallest conducting respiratory passageways. Palate. Separates the oral and nasal cavities. Phrenic. Major nerve, stimulating the diaphragm. Esophagus. Food passageway posterior to the trachea. Epiglottis. closes off the larynx. Trachea. Windpipe. Alveoli. Parietal pleura.
What is the smallest functional unit of the lung?
A terminal bronchiole defines the smallest functional unit of lung–the lung acinus (terminal respiratory unit).
What does the respiratory conducting passageways perform?
The major functions of the conducting zone are to provide a route for incoming and outgoing air, remove debris and pathogens from the incoming air, and warm and humidify the incoming air. The conducting zone includes the nose and its adjacent structures, the pharynx, the larynx, the trachea, and the bronchi.
What clears the upper respiratory tract?
Drink plenty of fluids. Water, juice, clear broth or warm lemon water are good choices. Avoid caffeine and alcohol, which can dehydrate you.
What sweeps contaminated mucus from the nasal cavity?
Clara cells can also differentiate into ciliated cells which have hair-like projects that move rhythmically and sweep mucus and trapped particles upwards where it can be either swallowed or expectorated.
What is the most important stimulus for breathing in a healthy person?
Normally, an increased concentration of carbon dioxide is the strongest stimulus to breathe more deeply and more frequently. Conversely, when the carbon dioxide concentration in the blood is low, the brain decreases the frequency and depth of breaths.
What is the tube that enters the right and left lungs?
Your trachea is divided into 2 air passages called bronchial tubes. One bronchial tube leads to the left lung, the other to the right lung.
What are the three functions of the larynx?
Introduction. The larynx serves three important functions in humans. In order of functional priority, they are protective, respiratory, and phonatory. A sound understanding of these functional priorities appears essential to the management of the myriad diseases besetting this complex organ.
What are the functional units of the lungs called?
The terminal parts of the bronchi are the alveoli. The alveoli are the functional units of the lungs and they form the site of gaseous exchange.
Do lungs have smooth muscle?
The vascular and visceral smooth muscle tissues of the lung perform a number of tasks that are critical to pulmonary function. Smooth muscle function often is compromised as a result of lung disease.
What are the basic structural units of lungs?
Lung tissue consists mainly of alveoli (Figure 16.2. 6). These tiny air sacs are the functional units of the lungs where gas exchange takes place. The two lungs may contain as many as 700 million alveoli, providing a huge total surface area for gas exchange to take place.
Which structure of the larynx prevents food entry to the lungs?
The epiglottis (eh-pih-GLAH-tus), a small flap of tissue, covers the air-only passage when we swallow, keeping food and liquid from going into the lungs. The larynx, or voice box, is the top part of the air-only pipe.
What is the difference between the conducting zone and the respiratory zone of the respiratory system?
The conducting zone is most of the respiratory tract that conducts gases into and out of the lungs, but excludes the respiratory zone that exchanges gases. The respiratory zone includes the respiratory bronchioles, alveolar ducts and alveoli, and is the site of oxygen and carbon dioxide exchange with the blood.
What are the major structures of the respiratory system?
The respiratory system consists of all the organs involved in breathing. These include the nose, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi and lungs.