What is horticulture explain?
Horticulture is the agriculture of plants, mainly for food, materials, comfort and beauty for decoration. Their work involves plant propagation and cultivation with the aim of improving plant growth, yields, quality, nutritional value and resistance to insects, diseases and environmental stresses.
What are the 4 areas of horticulture?
The horticulture industry consist of four major divisions: PROMOLOGY- The science and practice of growing, harvesting, handling, storing, processing, and marketing tree fruits.
What are horticultural plants?
Horticultural Crops tree, bush and perennial vine fruits; perennial bush and tree nuts; vegetables (roots, tubers, shoots, stems, leaves, fruits and flowers of edible and mainly annual plants ); aromatic and medicinal foliage, seeds and roots (from annual or perennial plants );
What are the 5 branches of horticulture?
The horticulture industry can be divided into three areas: pomology, olericulture, and ornamental horticulture. Pomology is the planting, harvesting, storing, process- ing, and marketing of fruit and nut crops. Olericulture includes the planting, har- vesting, storing, processing, and marketing of vegetable crops.
What are the types of horticulture?
Horticulture is divided into the cultivation of plants for food (pomology and olericulture) and plants for ornament (floriculture and landscape horticulture). Pomology deals with fruit and nut crops.
What are examples of horticulture?
Examples of horticulture include the following: landscaping. gardening. growing crops for food, fiber, and fuel. horticultural therapy—using horticultural methods to treat patients. Arboriculture—the care of trees.
What are the 3 areas of horticulture?
The horticulture industry can be divided into three areas: ornamental horticulture, olericulture, and pomology.
What is the most important part of horticulture?
Floriculture is a part of Horticulture which is a process of cultivation of flowering which is used as a raw material in the production of perfumes and several cosmetics in the pharmaceutical industry. Growing vegetables is the main important part of horticulture, which is very much demanding in India.
Which country is famous for horticulture?
China and India were amongst the highest producing countries for the year. Among all vegetables, potato was the most popular; other widespread vegetables were sweet potato, tomato, onions and cabbage.
Is banana a horticulture crop?
However, growing of cucurbitaceous vegetables should be avoided as they are bearer of viruses. In coastal regions of Karnataka, Kerala and Andhra Pradesh, banana is grown in coconut and arecanut plantations with tall cultivars.
|Area (‘000 Ha.)||53.8|
|Production (‘000 MT)||1277.6|
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Is horticulture a good career?
The field of horticulture holds ample scope. Horticulturists can find jobs in institutes of horticulture, in plantations, vegetable farms as well as fruit groves. Advancement in horticultural technology, increasing product demands, and a growing export industry make this an extremely lucrative career option.
What is difference between agriculture and horticulture?
Horticulture is subdivision of agriculture which deals with gardening of plants. Agriculture deals with cultivation of crops and also animal farming whereas Horticulture deals with cultivation only.
Who is the father of horticulture?
Liberty Hyde Bailey, the first President of the Society for Horticultural Science (re- named the American Society for Horticul- tural Science in 1916), 1903-1905, was a man of many talents. He has been called “Father of American Horticulture”, and “ Dean of Horticulture” throughout the world.
Which country is the largest producer of horticulture?
Its horticulture production has increased by 30 per cent in the last five years. This has placed India among the foremost countries in horticulture production, just behind China.
What is importance of horticulture?
Horticulture gives more return than the field crops, the horticultural crops are important as its nutritional element is high, the fruits and vegetables gives enough nutrition and vitamins. The crops are sustainable for small and marginal farmers.